Monday, 13 February 2017

BRACHIOPODA - Terebratula ampulla ( brachiopod ) Fossils - Cyprus

Terebratula is a modern genus of brachiopod with a fossil record dating back to the Late Devonian. These brachiopods are stationary epifaunal suspension feeders and have a worldwide distribution.

Terebratula species have biconvex egg-shaped shells, anterior margins of the valves have two small folds, concentric growth lines are quite thin or nearly absent. The larger valve has a ventral umbo with the opening through which they extend a short peduncle

Members of the phylum Brachiopoda resemble Bivalves in having two shells but fossil bivalves can be distinguished by having identical valves, while the two Brachiopod valves are bilaterally symmetrical and are of different size.
Brachiopods were common from the early Cambrian until the end Permian but are rare today. Brachiopods have been used as index fossils for the Ordovician, Silurian, Carboniferous and Cretaceous.

The brachiopod Terebratula ampulla, shown in the pictures, comes from Cyprus

Photos Nicosia  by George Konstantinou

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