Saturday, 25 April 2020

Spermophora senoculata (Dugès, 1836) - Shortbodied cellar spider - Cyprus

Male
Spermophora senoculata, the shortbodied cellar spider, is a species of cellar spider in the family Pholcidae. It is found in Near East, and it has been introduced into the USA, southern Europe, China, Korea, and Japan. (info from Wikipedia)

Description
Male
Palp very particular: tibia at least twice as long as broad, tarsus with a large apophysis divided into 3 branches, bulb with 2 long apophyses. Prosoma 1 mm long. Prosoma almost colourless, whitish with saffron-coloured spot. Opisthosoma globular, white or with 3 pairs of vague, darker spots.

Female
Female
Prosoma whitish with 2 faint brownish marks. Prosoma 1.2 mm long. Opisthosoma very globular, white with 3 pairs of faint darker spots.
Body length female: 2.1 mm

Additional information
Under stones, in stone walls and caves, in northern regions in buildings.
This species of Asian (Middle East) origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.
Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)
(info from https://araneae.nmbe.ch)

Photographs by Michael Hadjiconstantis ( Pallouriotissa: 19 Apr 2020) 








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